The Roanoke Shops (also called the East End Shops) is a Norfolk Southern workshop and maintenance facility in Roanoke, Virginia. Between 1884 and 1953, the shops produced 447 steam locomotives, all for the Norfolk and Western (N&W).
Roanoke (officially: City of Roanoke) is one of 39 independent cities in the US state of Virginia. At the 2000 census the city had a population of 94,911. It is the main city of the Roanoke metropolitan area.
Roanoke is located at 37 ° 16’0 “N 79 ° 56’0” W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a area of 111.1 km², of which 111.0 km² is a dry state and 0.1 km² (0.07%) of water. The city is located in the Roanoke Valley. The Roanoke River passes through the city.
According to the 2000 census, there were 94,911 people, 42,003 households and 24,235 families in the city. The population density was 854.6 inhabitants / km². There were 45,257 housing units for an average density of 407.5 per square kilometer. The demographics of the city were 69.38% white, 26.74% African American, 0.20% Amerindian, 1.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races and 1.78 % Of two or more races. 1.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 42,003 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18, 37.1% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42% 3% were non-family households. 35.9% of the households were made up of a single member and 12.8% had a 65-year-old living alone. The average household membership was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.86 members.
In the city the population was distributed in: 22.6% under 18 years, 8.2% between 18 and 24, 30.5% between 25 and 44, 22.3% between 45 and 64 and 16.4% had 65 or more years. The average age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females older than 18 years there were 84.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $ 30,719 and the median income for a family $ 37,826. Men had an average income of $ 28,465 versus $ 21,591 for women. The per capita income for the city was $ 18,468. About 12.9% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, 24.4% were under the age of 18 and 11.3% were older than 65.